The adoption of cannabis in Europe varies widely among different countries and regions. While cannabis remains illegal under international law, some European countries have adopted more liberal policies regarding cannabis use and possession.
For example, in the Netherlands, cannabis is technically illegal, but it is tolerated in licensed coffee shops where adults can purchase and consume small amounts of cannabis for personal use. Similarly, in Spain, the possession and consumption of cannabis in private is allowed, although the sale and distribution of cannabis remain illegal.
Other countries, such as Portugal, have decriminalized the possession of small amounts of cannabis, meaning that individuals caught with small amounts of cannabis may face administrative fines, but they will not face criminal charges or imprisonment.
In recent years, some European countries have also legalized cannabis for medical purposes. For example, in 2018, the United Kingdom legalized cannabis-derived medicines for patients with certain medical conditions, and several other countries, including Germany and Italy, have also legalized medical cannabis.
However, it is important to note that there is still a great deal of variation in cannabis policies across Europe, and cannabis use and possession remain illegal in many countries. Additionally, the legality and regulation of cannabis are subject to ongoing debate and change, and it is important for individuals to understand the laws and regulations regarding cannabis in their specific countries and regions.